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ST. MAGDALENE  25 years old 40 %                
CONNOISEURS CHOICE
Distilled 1965
Bottled 1990
Proprietors: John Hopkins & Co, Ltd
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin
EMPTY

ST. MAGDALENE   28 years old 40%      
CONNOISSEURS CHOICE
Distilled 1965
Bottled 1993
Proprietors: John Hopkins & Co, Ltd
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

ST. MAGDALENE  28 years old 40%              
CONNOISSEURS CHOICE
Distilled 1966
Bottled 1994
Proprietors: John Hopkins & Co, Ltd
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

ST. MAGDALENE   30 years old 40%           
CONNOISSEURS CHOICE
Distilled 1966
Bottled 1996
Proprietors: Jihn Hopkins & Co, Ltd
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

ST. MAGDALENE   16 years old 40 %           
CONNOISSEURS CHOICE
Distilled 1981
Bottled 1997
Proprietors: John Hopkins & Co, Ltd
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

ST. MAGDALENE  11 years old 62,6 %             
CADENHEAD'S
AUTHENTIC COLLECTION
Cask Strenght
Distilled December 1982
Bottled February 1994
No Additives
Not Chill Filtered
No Colouring
Wm. Cadenhead, 32 Unionstreet, Campbeltown

ST. MAGDALENE    14 years old 58.7 %                    
CADENHEAD'S
AUTHENTIC COLLECTION
Cask Strenght
Distilled December 1982
Bottled January 1997
No Additives
Not Chill Filtered
No Colouring
Wm. Cadenhead, Campbeltown

ST. MAGDALENE   23 years old 58.1 %      INFO          
RARE MALTS SELECTION
Natural Cask Strenght
Distilled 1970
Limited Bottling
J. & G. Stewart, Edinburgh

ST. MAGDALENE   19 years old 63.80%     INFO
RARE MALTS SELECTION
Natural Cask Strenght
Distilled 1979
Bottled October 1998
Limited Edition
Genummerde flessen
J. & G. Stewart, Edinburgh

ST. MAGDALENE   11 years old 62.8%                
Date Distilled Mar 80
Date Bottled May 92
Society Cask No. code 49.4
The Scotch Malt Whisky Society,
The Vaults, Leith, Edinburgh

ST. MAGDALENE   15 years old 40 %      
CENTENARY RESERVE
Gordon & Macphail
100 Years of Quality and Exellence
1895 - 1995
Distilled 1980
Bottled 1995
Proprietors: John Hopkins & Co, Ltd
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

ST. MAGDALENE   19 years old 40 %      
RARE OLD
SINGLE MALT SCOTCH WHISKY
A special single malt scotch whisky
Lowland Malt Scotch Whisky
Distilled 1982
Bottled 2001
Proprietors: John Hopkins & Co, Ltd.
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

ST. MAGDALENE   16 years old 64.8 %  INFO               
SINGLE CASK SCOTCH MALT WHISKY
Date Distilled Oct 82
Date Bottled Sept 99
Society Cask No. code 49.10
626 bottles
The Scotch Malt Whisky Society,
The Vaults, Leith, Edinburgh
'Fairies dancing on the tonque'

ST. MAGDALENE   24 years old 50%                
THE OLD MALT CASK 50o
Lowlands
A Single Cask Bottling
Distilled June 1978
Bottled December 2002
504 Bottles
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

ST. MAGDALENE    30 years  old 43 %               
RARE OLD
SINGLE MALT SCOTCH WHISKY
Lowland  Single Malt Scotch Whisky
A Special Single Malt Scotch Whisky
Distilled: 1975
Bottled: 2005
Proprietors:  John Hopkins & Co,  Ltd
Gordon & Macphail,  Elgin

ST.   MAGDALENE   32 years old  43  %                         
RARE  OLD
SINGLE  MALT  SCOTCH  WHISKY
Lowland Single Malt Scotch Whisky
A Special Single Malt Scotch Whisky
Distilled; 1975
Bottled 2007
Proprietors;  John Hopkins & Co, Ltd
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

ST. MAGDALENE
                                                                    

ST. MAGDALENE INFO
31  years old  46 %                               
GORDON  &  MACPHAIL
RARE  OLD
A  SPECIAL  SINGLE  MALT
SCOTCH  WHISKY  FROM
ST. MAGDALENE  DISTILLERY
Distilled 1982
Bottled 2013
LOT  NO: RO /13 / 01
This exclusive Lot is Limited
to 308 Bottles
Natural Colour
Non Chill Filtered                                                                                                                                                              Selected, Matured and Bottled by
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

Lowlands
ST. MAGDALENE (1798 - 1983)        zie ook LINLITHGOW

Linlithgow, West Lothian. Licentiehouder: John Hopkins & Co, Ltd. Onderdeel van Scottish Malt Distillers Ltd. (S.M.D.) De malt divisie van The Distillers Company Ltd, later United Distillers Ltd.
In 1983 gesloten en ontmanteld.
De naam komt van een stuk land dat bekend staat als St. Magdalene's Cross.
Er stond heel vroeger een ziekenhuis voor de verpleging van melaatsen dat was gesticht door The Knights Templar of St. John of Torphichen, later stond hier een klooster St. Magdalene's Convent, ook Lazar House genoemd.
De eerste distilleerderij die te Linlithgow werd gebouwd was Bulzion, die rond 1755 in produktie ging.
Mains of Maines was een andere distilleerderij die hier stond (1795 - 1855).
In 1790 bouwde Adam Dawson zijn Bonnytoun distilleerderij, hij was toen al in het bezit van een distilleerderij vlakbij Falkirk.
Er was ook nog een distilleerderij, Loch genaamd, naar het nabijgelegen Linlithgow Loch, deze distilleerderij moet zijn gebouwd in 1825.
Ongeveer 1796 huurde Sebastian Henderson een stuk land naast Bonnytoun van de Countess of Dalhousie en begon ook een distilleerderij.
Op zeker moment stonden er in Linlithgow niet minder dan vijf distilleerderijen met een licentie.
Adam Dawson kocht Sebastion Henderson uit in 1800, en omdat St. Magdalene de betere van de twee distilleerderijen was, ging Dawson met de laatste verder.
St. Magdalene floreerde, expandeerde en absorbeerde Bonnytoun. Op 6 November 1894 werd de N.V. A. & J. Dawson Ltd opgericht.
De whiskymarkt was nu bijna op zijn hoogtepunt, er werden nieuwe distilleerderijen geopend, bestaande vergroot tot op 8 Juni 1899 de zeepbel klapte, ingeluid door het frauduleuze bankroet van de Pattisons.

Op 17 April 1912 moest A. & J. Dawson zijn faillisement aanvragen.
Een nieuwe N.V. werd opgericht op 16 November 1912 met de oude naam A. & J. Dawson Ltd.
En zoals toen gebruikelijk werd de Distillers Company Ltd, (D.C.L.), in dit geval samen met John Walker & Sons Ltd, eigenaar van St. Magdalene.
J.A.R. Dawson was de derde aandeelhouder.
Dit proces van sluiten, fuseren, bankroet gaan, samenwerken zou tot aan de tweede wereldoorlog voortduren: te grote voorraden, geen geld, de eerste wereldoorlog, de Amerikaanse drooglegging, de economische crisis in de jaren dertig.
De Distillers Company Ltd, nam bedrijven over, sloot distilleerderijen, saneerde en zo overleefde de Schotse whisky industrie, zij het gedecimeerd, deze lange periode.
Op 28 Juli 1914 werd de Scottish Malt Distillers Ltd gevormd, om, toen ook al, vraag en aanbod met elkaar in overeenstemming te brengen.
Van de oorspronkelijke vijf Lowland distilleerderijen is alleen Glenkinchie nog in bedrijf.

St. Magdalene kwam pas aan het eind van de tweede wereldoorlog weer in bedrijf.
St. Magdalene sloot in 1983.
St. Magdalene is deels omgebouwd tot een appartementencomplex.
St. Magdalene had vier ketels.
De turf kwam van Falkirk en Slamanan, het water kwam uit Loch Lomond.
Situated on a historical site, St. Magdalene Distillery was founded next door to Bonnytoun Distillery, Linlithgow, in approximately 1798, by Sebastian Henderson.
The owners of Bonnytoun, The Dawson Family, quickly took over St. Magdalene and merged the two distilleries into one. The annual output from St. Magdalene's five stills was 200.000 proof gallons.
One of five distilleries in Edinburgh, St. Magdalene amazingly the longest surviving of all the Lowland distilleries, unlike other distilleries in the area, some of which lasted twenty to thirty years and some for only one single year.
St. Magdalene Distillery made good use of the transport opportunities which were many, in-cluding road, rail and canal.
The same family ran the distillery until 1912 when it was liquidated. Two years on it was purchased by D.C.L. and then became one of the original five distilleries of Scottish Malr Distillers, along with Clydedale, Glenkinchie, Grange and Rosebank.
S.M.D. ran the distillery until 1983 when it was earmarked for closure along with several others.
The buildings were bought soon after the closure vy a developer, and converted into luxury flats.

October 2005

Diageo has announced that its 2005 Annual Rare Malts Selection will be the last.
The collection will consist of four cask strenght single malts from closed distilleries; Glen Mhor 28 years old, Millburn 35 years old, Glendullan 26 years old and Linkwood 30 years old.
Dr. Nicholas Morgan, global malts marketing director commented: 'As the Special Releases are now well established, it makes less sence to continue selecting and promoting a parallel series of Rare Malts with his own separate indentity'.
In future, all premium and rare whiskies will be made available in the annual Special Re-leases series.

Linlithgow, West Lothian.


 Linlithgow was a centre of milling and malting in the seventeenth century, and for brewing a
 and distilling in the eighteenth.

 The raw materials for these processes were close at hand: barley in the Lothians, and inex-
 haustible local sources of water.

 "The vast copiousness of water at Linlithgow", Black's Picturesque Tourist of Scotland
 noted in 1844, "is alluded to in the following well-known rhyme: "Lithgow for wells, Glas-
 gow for bells, Peebles for clashes and lees and Falkirk for beans and peas"

 The distillery's early history is obscure. It is said to have been founded in the eighteenth
 century by Sebastian Henderson, on the lands of St. Magdalene's Cross, the former site of
 an annual fair and of St. Magdalene Hospital (which treated lepers).

 Adam Dawson of Bonnytoun was the licensed distiller in 1797. He was the spokesman of
 the Lowland distillers in their campaign against the exemptions granted to Highland distil-
 lers by the Board of Exise.

 The Dawsons were also brewers and maltsters. A list of Scottish brewers in 1825 included
 Adam Dawson, Bathgate Brewery, and Adam & John Dawson, West End, Linlithgow.

A.   & J. Dawson succeeded Adam Dawson at St. Magdalene in 1829
.
Colonel Ramage Dawson, the managing partner for many years, died in 1892. He had other
interests such as the estate Balladn, Kinross-shire, where he resided, "extensive and valuable
coffee plantations in Ceylon", and the colonelcy of the Haddiagton Artillery. St. Magdalene's
ownership by a private company did not long survive him.

A.   & J. Dawson was incorporated as a limited liability company on 6 November 1894. It had
capital of 70.000 pounds divided into 2800 prefeerence and 4200 ordinery shares of 10 pounds.

The first directors were J.A. Ramage Dawson, J.M. Crabbie, spirit merchant of Leith, and George
Robertson, wine merchant of Edinburgh

Additions to the buildings and improvements in the equipment were made from time to time to
meet increasing demand for the product.

Then intense competition among the Lowland distillers brought about an unfavourable turn in the
company's affairs. On 17 april 1912, creditors presented a petition to wind up A. & J. Dawson Ltd.
on the ground that is was insolvent and unable to pay its debts. A liquidator was accordingly appointed.
.
The Distillers Company Limited (D.C.L.) of Edinburgh was offered the opportunity to buy the
distillery, either on its account or in partnership with others. Eventually it agreed to aquire all
assets and to assume all liabilities, on certain condition

A new company, also called A. & J. Dawson Ltd was incorporated on 16 November 1912
With a capital of 60.00 pounds, divided into 20.000 preference shares, all taken up J.A.
Ramage Dawson and 40.000 ordinary shares, taken up by him, the Distillers Company Limited
(D.C.L.) and John Walker and Sons Ltd, Scotch whisky blenders of Kilmarnock.

The new owners opened up negotiations with other Lowland distillers which resulted in the
amalgamation of five Lowland distillery companies, including Dawson's, as Scottish Malt
Distillers Ltd, in July of 1914.


The front of St. Magdalene Distillery was situated upon the main road from Edinburgh to
Stirling.

The economy of its communications must have been immrnsely enhanced by the completion
in 1822 of the Edinburgh & Glasgow Union Canal, and by the opening of Linlithgow Station
on the railway line linking the two cities in 1842.

Alfred Barnard, a  perceptive observer, noted in The Whisky Distilleries of the United Kingdom, in 1887, that St. Magdalene had its own wharf on the canal, which runs along
the back of the distillery, for unloading barge-borne coke and coal. Water from the canal was
used for driving an overshot water-wheel for supplying steam and for fire-fighting.

The movement of raw materials was largely merchandised. The main means of power must
have been the "handsome beam engine of 20 h.p." which almost certainly drove the malt mill,
the mashing machine and the heavy stirring gear in the mash-tuns.

One donkey engine drove the switchers in the washbacks and another was used for pumping.

The water wheel worked the rummagers in the wash stills. A gas engine of 2 h.p. supplied the
Power for joisting barley to the top op the West Maltings which had five storeys: one used as
a granuary, two as malting floors and two as duty-free warehouses.

The East Maltings was smaller with four storeys. There was a total of 19 warehouses, including
One of the "enormous proportions", built in brick on the other side of the Edinburgh road where
there was a frontage of 600 feet to the railway

A trade journal reported in 1927 that S.M.D. had equipped the distillery with the most effective
labour-saving appliances, all driven by electricity. Malting was carried out on open floors, by
manual techniques, and mechanically, in pneumatic drums.

Samples of barley on offer to all S.M.D. distilleries were tested in a laboratory on the premises.

The maltings continued to work throughout the economic depression of the 1930s when produc-
tion of whisky at St. Magdalene and many other distilleries ceased for many years.

Distillation was restarted after the end of World War II.

The furnaces of St. Magdalene's four pot stills, which had previously been fired by hand, were
equipped with a mechanical coal stoking system in 1961.

Coal , which had been carried on the canal before the war, was delivered by road until 1971,
when the stills were converted to internal heating by steam from a oil-fired boiler

Casks of whisky were sent by road to Bathgate Station and barley was delivered by the same
means in reverse until 1968, when S.M.D. began to supply its Lowland distilleries with malt
made at its large modern mechanised maltings at Glenesk Distillery, near Montrose.

St. Magdalene's maltings then went out of use.

St. Magdalene takes its process water from Linlithgow's domestic supply, which comes from
the Loch Lomond.

The distillery has its own reservoir on the other side of the canal.

Water from the canal is used for cooling purposes only

The distillery was closed in 1983 due to overproduction and has since been redeveloped for
residential use.

1795   Sebastian Henderson founds the distillery
1796   Adam Dawson, proprietor of the distillery Bonnytoun in Linlithgow, buys the distillery
1894   A. & J. Dawson is formed and the distillery is expanded
1912   A. & J. Dawson goes in liquidation and Distillers Company Limited (D.C.L.) purchases
St. Magdalene
1913   St. Magdalene is one of the five founders of Scottish Malt Distillers (S.M.D.). The others
are Clydesdale, Glenkinchie, Rosebank and Grange
1927   Extensive repair work takes place
1968   Floor maltings is closed
1983   The distillery is closed
1995   St. Magdalene 1970 (23 years) is released as a Rare Malt
1998   St. Magdalene 1979 (19 years) is released as a Rare Malt

THE OLD MALT CASK 50o
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd
Douglas House 18, Lynedoch Crescent, Glasgow G 3 6 E Q.
In 1949 Fred Douglas Laing established Douglas Laing & Co primarily as a blender and bottler for his Scotch Whisky blends The King of Scots and House of Peers, which are available today internationally.
Large stocks and reserves of aging Malts in particular, were laid down by Mr. Laing, many being guarded for 25 - 30 years specifically for the older blends such as the 25 and 30 Year Old KING OF SCOTS.
With more than 50 different Malts in stock, over the last 50 years from filling programme, it was obvious that the Malt Master would have certain favourites. These have variously been chalked off the times of regular quality control, as being of particular qualitative interest; both commercially, and for the pleasure of the Directors. It has been their particular perk, benefit and privelege to nose and taste some of the finest quality samples indicative of the Distillers's art.
It was judged by the two current owners/directors (sons of the founder, so nepotism is not dead!) that some of these stocks were 'too good to blend'. And so the OLD MALT CASK selection was developed in 1999 to extend those perks and benefits beyond the Director's tasting suite!
Initially it was felt that 50 different Malts commemorating the Company's 50th Anniversary would be approciate. That tally has now been exeeded but our preferred strenght of 50 X ale/vol is maintained. We believe this strenght creates a fine, round, full quality for various Malts when taken 'neat'. It also allows the regular consumer to know precisely how much or little water should be added to this artisan and craftman's distillate.
These selected Malt Whiskies have waited many years to reach their classic heights of qua-lity. Not only with your health in mind, but with a view to greater enjoyment, may we suggest that in the style of the founder, whose signature endorses your Malt, you enjoy its glass leisurely and slowly.
Douglas Laing


ST. MAGDALENE  DISTILLERY

Founded in the late eighteenth century by Sebastian Henderson, the distillery was first licensed
to Adam Dawson of Bonnytown in 1797.

St. Magdalene was mothballed in 1983 and was later sold for residential redevelopment.

The only sign of the distillery that remains today is its pagoda.


ST. MAGDALENE

Close to the Union Canal, from which it drew water for cooling and operate the waterwheel
Process water was drawn from from a hilltop spring and a 300 - ft deep artesian well and a
other spring from close to the distillery as a stand by water spring.

Peat came from moors near Falkirk and Slamannan

Washbacks 14 each 6500 gallon capacity, a wash charger à 9000 gallon and 5 stills with a
total capacity of 14.500 gallons. The output was between 200- and 225000 gallons.

There were 4 exisemen and 40 staff


St Magdalene Linlithgow

St.Magdalene Distillery History 1765-1983    
    
The Hospital of St Mary Magdalene is first mentioned in 1335. The suggestion that it provided for pilgrims is apparently mere guesswork, based on the fact that there is a "Pilgrims' Hall" in the vicinity. According to a charter of 1528, this was a poor's hospital, with a chapel and a cemetery. Its lands were alienated before 1 June 1591. Spottiswoode states that this hospital was "formerly governed by the Lazarites". There is no evidence of this. There are references to land held by this order in the territory of "Kathlac" (possibly Cathlaw), but no connection between this land or this order and St Mary Magdalene's hospital is indicated.
In origin this may have been a hospital for lepers as payments to the Lazar House, as distinct from the alms-house, of Linlithgow are recorded in the mid-15th century. And from this the distillery took its name!? This site is now occupied by a warehouse.
Or maybe it was like this:
St.Magdalene Distillery is so called because it´s situated on the lands of St. Magdalene`s Cross once the site of a popular and important annual "Madline" fair, which in turn derived it`s name from St.Magdalene`s Chapel which at one time stood nearby.
The first distillery in Linlithgow was Bulzon in 1750, this was followed shortly after by Bonnytourn founded by Andrew Dawson, one of the first recorded licensed distillers.
Sebastian Henderson the founder of St Magdalene obtained land from the Countess of Dalhousie adjacent to the Bonnytourn distillery and built St. Magdalene. One main reason was to be close to supplies of coal and coke transported along the Union Canal.
So St Magdalene Distillery was possibly established already in 1765 not 1798 as you can see below what happen.
At this point the village of Linlithgow had five licensed distilleries.
We now by fact that in 1798 Adam Dawson purchased the St Magdalene Distillery from Sebastian Henderson. Because St Magdalene Distillery was the better distillery he switched output from Bonnytourn to St Magdalene. Eventually absorbing Bonnytourn in to St Magdalene as one large site......maybe was the idea.
For the majority of the 19th century the distillery was run by the Dawson family, initially by Adam Dawson (1747–1836), who had trained as a maltster and was the youngest son of a sheep farmer from Kippendavie near Dunblane. Adam Dawson and his wife Frances McKell had ten children, including James Dawson the prominent champion of Aboriginal interests. Another son, John Dawson (1796–1878), continued the distillery business along with his brother Adam Dawson Jnr (1793–1873). By 1856 the distillery was capable of producing 4,000 US gallons (15,000 l; 3,300 imp gal) of whisky per week, and employed around 30 people. The distillery became a limited company in 1895.
The sale of the distillery to A&J Dawson Distillers Company in 1912, was brought about by the untimely death in January 1912 of John Kellie Dawson, son of Adam Dawson Jnr, from meningitis at the age of 43.
Three years later in 1915 became St. Magdalene and theres new owner William Greer&Co, one of the founding five distilleries of Scottish Malt Distillers (SMD). The other distilleries was Clydesdale, Glenkinchie Grange and Rosebank.
St. Magdalene Distillery was renovated and modernised in 1927.
During World War II the distillery was mothballed/silent, from the end of 1930-ies to 1946.
After St. Magdalene closed in 1983 due to over production, some of the buildings were converted into apartments.
Today you can still see the large gaunt blackened stone buildings and the characteristic pyramid roofs of the maltings houses visible to the east belong to St.Magdalene distillery. The large warehouse at the west end of the group dates from 1880 although the rest are probably earlier.
Today St Magdalenes all remaining stuff! like name, casks, whatever left over, is owned by the company DIAGEO.



ST MAGDALENE DISTILLERY

LOWLAND SINGLE MALT SCOTCH WHISKY

St Magdalene, or Linlithgow as it was also known, was a sizeable distillery occupying a prime position between the Union Canal and railway line. The distillery benefitted not only from its own rail sidings but its own wharf as well, where coal and coke were landed to fire St Magdalene’s stills. Water from the Union Canal was used for cooling, though process water was drawn from an artesian well on-site.

When it was eventually acquired by DCL St Magdalene was a relatively large distillery, with 14 washbacks, five stills (two wash; three low wines), three worm tubs, 19 warehouses and the capacity to produce over 1 million litres of alcohol per year. At the time of whisky writer Alfred Barnard’s visit in the later 19th century, he noted some ‘very old’ whisky stored in the warehouses, distilled in 1875 and 1877, and some older. He would have been surprised by the age of some stocks available today, albeit in limited quantities.

Although most of the distillery’s whisky was destined for blending, it has been bottled by independents under both the St Magdalene and Linlithgow brands. Diageo released two official bottlings as part of its Rare Malts series in the 1990s – a 23-year-old 1970 vintage, and a 19-year-old 1979 vintage. A 30-year-old bottling named Linlithgow was also released in 2004 as part of Diageo’s Special Releases for that year.



ST MAGDALENE

At one time the royal burgh of Linlithgow was home to five distilleries, and though it was St Magdalene that outlasted them all, its whisky-producing days are gone.

St Magdalene was built in the mid-18th century by Sebastian Henderson, to oppose the construction of Bulzion distillery that appeared a few years earlier. Henderson had rented the lands of St. Magdalene’s Cross convent from the Countess of Dalhousie to build the distillery.

In 1798 the distiller and provost Adam Dawson, who already operated the adjacent Bonnytoun distillery, bought St Magdalene and transferred his operation across. Dawson’s business soon grew so that St. Magdalene absorbed the original Bonnytoun site, stretching out across 10 acres of land.

St Magdalene remained in family ownership until the early 20th century under A&J Dawson, which was incorporated as a limited company in 1895.

By 1912, facing intense competition and a decline in the market, A&J Dawson went into liquidation. The business was purchased from the liquidators by Distillers Company Ltd (DCL) and licensed to William Greer & Co.

Two years later it became one of the original five distilleries comprising Scottish Malt Distillers, along with Rosebank, Glenkinchie, Clydesdale and Grange distilleries.

DCL continued the operation of St Magdalene throughout the 20th century, though the distillery became one of nine permanently closed by the company in 1983.

The distillery was renovated into residential flats in the early 1990s, though its malting barn and kiln, which are registered as C Grade listed buildings, remain. St Magdalene’s pagoda roof is the last reminder of the burgh’s distilling heritage.

c1753
St. Magdalene distillery is established by Sebastian Henderson
c1798
The distillery is bought by Adam Dawson who also ran Bonnytoun
1826
St. Magdalene and Bonnytoun merge
1912
A&J Dawson is liquidated and St Magdalene distillery is bought by DCL
1914
St Magdalene becomes a founding member of Scottish Malt Distillers
1983
The distillery is closed and the site sold to developers.
2004
A 30-year-old expression, bottled as ‘Linlithgow’, is released as part of Diageo's Special Releases
OWNERS

Diageo logo
CURRENT OWNER

Diageo
1997 - present
PREVIOUS OWNERS

United Distillers
1986 - 1997
Distillers Company Limited
1912 - 1986
A&J Dawson
1829 - 1912
Adam Dawson
1798 - 1829
Sebastian Henderson
c1753 - 1798

St Magdalene, or Linlithgow as it was also known, was a sizeable distillery occupying a prime position between the Union Canal and railway line. The distillery benefitted not only from its own rail sidings but its own wharf as well, where coal and coke were landed to fire St Magdalene’s stills. Water from the Union Canal was used for cooling, though process water was drawn from an artesian well on-site.

When it was eventually acquired by DCL St Magdalene was a relatively large distillery, with 14 washbacks, five stills (two wash; three low wines), three worm tubs, 19 warehouses and the capacity to produce over 1 million litres of alcohol per year. At the time of whisky writer Alfred Barnard’s visit in the later 19th century, he noted some ‘very old’ whisky stored in the warehouses, distilled in 1875 and 1877, and some older. He would have been surprised by the age of some stocks available today, albeit in limited quantities.

Although most of the distillery’s whisky was destined for blending, it has been bottled by independents under both the St Magdalene and Linlithgow brands. Diageo released two official bottlings as part of its Rare Malts series in the 1990s – a 23-year-old 1970 vintage, and a 19-year-old 1979 vintage. A 30-year-old bottling named Linlithgow was also released in 2004 as part of Diageo’s Special Releases for that year.


At one time the royal burgh of Linlithgow was home to five distilleries, and though it was St Magdalene that outlasted them all, its whisky-producing days are gone.

St Magdalene was built in the mid-18th century by Sebastian Henderson, to oppose the construction of Bulzion distillery that appeared a few years earlier. Henderson had rented the lands of St. Magdalene’s Cross convent from the Countess of Dalhousie to build the distillery.

In 1798 the distiller and provost Adam Dawson, who already operated the adjacent Bonnytoun distillery, bought St Magdalene and transferred his operation across. Dawson’s business soon grew so that St. Magdalene absorbed the original Bonnytoun site, stretching out across 10 acres of land.

St Magdalene remained in family ownership until the early 20th century under A&J Dawson, which was incorporated as a limited company in 1895.

By 1912, facing intense competition and a decline in the market, A&J Dawson went into liquidation. The business was purchased from the liquidators by Distillers Company Ltd (DCL) and licensed to William Greer & Co.

Two years later it became one of the original five distilleries comprising Scottish Malt Distillers, along with Rosebank, Glenkinchie, Clydesdale and Grange distilleries.

DCL continued the operation of St Magdalene throughout the 20th century, though the distillery became one of nine permanently closed by the company in 1983.

The distillery was renovated into residential flats in the early 1990s, though its malting barn and kiln, which are registered as C Grade listed buildings, remain. St Magdalene’s pagoda roof is the last reminder of the burgh’s distilling heritage.

TIMELINE

c1753
St. Magdalene distillery is established by Sebastian Henderson
c1798
The distillery is bought by Adam Dawson who also ran Bonnytoun
1826
St. Magdalene and Bonnytoun merge
1912
A&J Dawson is liquidated and St Magdalene distillery is bought by DCL
1914
St Magdalene becomes a founding member of Scottish Malt Distillers
1983
The distillery is closed and the site sold to developers.
2004
A 30-year-old expression, bottled as ‘Linlithgow’, is released as part of Diageo's Special Releases
OWNERS

Diageo logo
CURRENT OWNER

Diageo
1997 - present
PREVIOUS OWNERS

United Distillers
1986 - 1997
Distillers Company Limited
1912 - 1986
A&J Dawson
1829 - 1912
Adam Dawson
1798 - 1829
Sebastian
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