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Royal Lochnagar

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ROYAL LOCHNAGAR   12 years old 40%      INFO           
By Appointment to their Late Majesties
Queen Victoria, King Edward VII &
King George V
Royal Lochnagar Distillery
Crathie, Deeside, Aberdeenshire

ROYAL LOCHANAGER   23 years old 59,7 %                               
RARE MALTS SELECTION
Natural Cask Strenght
Distilled 1973
Bottled April 1997
Limited Edition
Genummerde flessen
John Begg Ltd, Glasgow

LOCHNAGAR   28 years old 50%   INFO             
THE OLD MALT CASK 50o
Single Cask Bottling
Distilled May 1973
Bottled May 2001
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
252 bottles
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

ROYAL LOCHNAGAR      SELECTED RESERVE     INFO         
geen leeftijd vermelding 43 %
THE MOST EXCLUSIVE WHISKY
IN THE WORLD
Genummerde flessen
Royal Lochnagar Distillery,
Crathie, Deeside, Aberdeenshire

ROYAL LOCHNAGAR   30 years old 53,8 % INFO            
SINGLE CASK
SCOTCH MALT WHISKY
Date Distilled Aug 72
Date Bottled Feb 03
Society Cask code 103.11
Outturn 166 Bottles
The Scotch Malt Whisky Society,
The Vaults, Leith, Edinburgh
"Chanel and heather honey"

ROYAL LOCHNAGAR    30 years old 56,2 %    INFO            
RARE MALTS SELECTION
Natural Cask Strenght
Distilled 1974
Bottled April 2004
Limited Edition
Numbered Bottles
Scottish Malt Distillers, Elgin

ROYAL  LOCHNAGAR             12 years old 40 %                               
Highland Single Malt Scotch Whisky
THE  CLASSIC  MALTS  SELECTION
DOUBLE  MATURED  IN  FINE  OLD
MUSCAT  CASK - WOOD
Distilled 1996
Batch number R L / 96 - 8 S
Bottled 2008
Royal Lochnagar Distillery, Crathie, Ballater,
Aberdeenshire

ROYAL  LOCHNAGAR   INFO:                                                                                                                                                                          THE  SELECTED  RESERVE  OF                                                                                                                                                          ROYAL  LOCHNAGAR    43 %                                                                                                                                                                    Bottled in the year  2 0 0 9                                                                                                                                                                 Highland Single Malt Scotch Whisky                                                                                                                                                            Limited Edition                                                                                                                                                                                             Individually Numbered Bottles                                                                                                                                                                          2982 Bottles                                                                                                                                                                                                      Royal Lochnagar Distillery, Cratie,                                                                                                                                                        Ballater, Aberdeenshire

Highland Malt
The Eastern Highlands
ROYAL LOCHNAGAR (1826 / 1845)

Crathie, Deeside, Aberdeenshire. Licentiehouder: John Begg Ltd, Glasgow. Onderdeel van Scottish Malt Distillers Ltd. Eigendom van Guinness.
In 1823 kwam de 'Excise Act' tot stand die de accijnzen verminderde op whisky, omdat omstreeks 1820 meer dan de helft van de Schotse whiskyproduktie illegaal werd gemaakt.
De Duke of Gordon, de grootste landeigenaar in de Centrale Hooglanden, kon de regering ervan overtuigen dat als de accijns geheven op de whisky naar een meer acceptabel niveau werd gebracht, de legale distilleerderijen beter zouden kunnen concureren met de illegale stokers en per saldo de regering een grotere opbrengst zou krijgen indien de illegale stokers legaal zouden gaan produceren en ook gingen bijdragen aan de accijnzen.
James Robertson te Crathie, eerder een illegale stoker met een distilleerderij in Glen Feardan, ten noorden van de Dee ging legaal stoken en zijn distilleerderij werd meteen door illegale stokers in brand gestoken. Hij begon een nieuwe distilleerderij die hij Lochnagar noemde, dat was in 1826.
Maar geheel naar lokale tradities werd Lochnagar op 12 Mei 1841 door zijn illegale collega's in brand gestoken. Toen hield James Robertson het voor gezien.
In 1845 kreeg John Begg een huurcontract voor lange termijn op een stuk grond op een andere plaats en noemde de distilleerderij ook Lochnagar.
Drie jaar later nam Koningin Victoria voor het eerst haar intrek in haar nieuwe zomer-verblijf Balmoral, een mijl verwijderd van Lochnagar en John Begg schreef een brief naar haar privé secretaris Mr. G.E. Anson waarin hij de koningin met haar man Prince Albert uitnodigde voor een bezoek. Dat bezoek vond plaats en was blijkbaar een succes want binnen een paar dagen kreeg John Begg een 'Royal Warrant of Appointment'.
Royal Lochnagar was en is een heel goede single malt whisky, er werd uitgebreid en wat later werd John Begg één van de pioniers in het blenden.
John Begg stierf in 1880.
Zijn enige zoon Henri Farquharson Begg miste de energie van zijn vader en benoemde een direkteur en voor zijn dood in 1896 vormde hij een trust waarin zijn kinderen ieder een gelijk deel kregen.
In 1902 werd Royal Lochnagar een 'limited liability company'.
In 1906 verhuisden bottel- en blendingafdelingen naar Glasgow en Royal Lochnagar werd hebrouwd en van nieuwe installaties voorzien.
Tussen 1914 - 1918 kocht The Distillers Company Ltd (D.C.L) alle aandelen op van John Begg Ltd.
Royal Lochnagar was gesloten van 1917 - 1919 en weer gedurende de tweede wereldoorlog.
In 1951 werd Royal Lochnagar aangesloten op het electriciteitsnet.
In 1969 werden de ketels, tot dan met kolengestookt, verhit met stoom.
In 1990 werd er een bezoekerscentrum gebouwd.
De twee ketels hebben een kapaciteit van ruim 300.000 liter spirit per jaar.

Het water komt van bronnen in Lochnagar Mountain en er is een grote dam achter de dis-tilleerderij, waarachter het koelwater wordt opgeslagen.
Er bestaat een Schots grapje waarbij wordt gevraagd hoe diep Lochnagar is, Lochnagar is geen 'Loch' maar de berg, 155 meter hoog. Op het etiket wordt vermeld 'By Appointment to the late Queen Victoria, the late King Edward VII and the late King George V'.
John Begg was een vriend van William Sanderson en veel van Royal Lochnagar gaat in de blend VAT 69.
De eigen blend van Royal Lochnagar is John Begg Blue Cap.
Het gebruikte water komt van bronnen op Royal Lochnagar.
Er staat éên Mash tun van 5,4 ton. De twee Wash backs zijn elk 27000 liter.
De Wash still is groot 6700 liter, de Spirit still 3720 liter en worden met stoom verhit.
Guinness nam Arthur Bell & Sons Ltd in 1986 over en in 1987 The Distillers Compant Ltd. (D.C.L.). Beiden tegen hun zin. In 1988 werden beide groepen van bedrijven samengevoegd en de nieuwe naam werd United Distillers Limited.
Op 12 Mei 1997 staakt de Fransman Bernard Arnault van L M V H zijn verzet tegen de fusie voor een afkoopsom van ƒ 800.000.000.
De nieuwe naam van de gefuseerden zou eerst G M G Brands worden, maar op 22 Oktober werd bekend dat de naam Diageo zou worden, afgeleid van het Latijnse woord voor dag en het Griekse woord voor wereld.
Diageo wordt het grootste drankenconcern ter wereld, groter dan Seagram em Allied Domecq samen en met een omzet van 40 miljard gulden.
Op 28 Maart 1998 verkoopt Diageo het whiskymerk Dewar en het ginmerk Bombay voor E 1,15 miljard aan Bacardi Martini.
Het afstoten van de twee merken was een voorwaarde die door de Amerikaanse mededingingsautoriteiten was gesteld aan de goedkeuring van de fusie tussen Guinness en Grand Metropolitan.
Dewar heeft een omzet van ruim één miljard gulden en een marktaandel van 10 %. Het merk is marktleider in de V.S.
Diageo is de overkoepelende naam voor vier company's: United Distillers & Vintners, (U.D.V.), Pilsbury. Guinness en Burger King.
Onderdeel van de verkoop houdt ook in de overname van de distilleerderijen Aberfeldy, Aultmore, Craigellachie en Royal Brackla door Bacardi Martini.
Balmenach wordt in December 1997 verkocht aan Inver H use.
October 2005
Diageo has announced that its 2005 Annual Rare Malts Selection will be the last.
The collection will consist of four cask strenght single malts from closed distilleries; Glen Mhor 28 years old, Millburn 35 years old, Glendullan 26 years old and Linkwood 30 years old.
Dr. Nicholas Morgan, global malts marketing director commented: 'As the Special Releases are now well established, it makes less sence to continue selecting and promoting a parallel series of Rare Malts with his own separate indentity'.
In future, all premium and rare whiskies will be made available in the annual Special Re-leases series.

ROYAL LOCHNAGAR
George, Lord Byron, 1788 - 1824:

Ah! there my young footsteps
in infancy wander'd;
My cap was the bonnet,
my cloak was the plaid;
On chieftains long perish'd
my memory ponder'd
As daily I strode
through the pine-cover'd glade,
I sought not my home
till the day's dying glory
Gave place to the rays
of the bright polar star;
For fancy was cheer'd
by traditional story,
Diclosed by the natives
of dark Loch na Garr.
Years have roll'd on, Loch na Garr,
since I left you,
Years must elapse
ere I tread you again;
Nature of verdure and flow'rs
has bereft you
Yet still are you dearer
than Albion's plain.
England, thy beauties are tame
and domestic
To one who has roved
o'er the mountains afar:
Oh for the crags
that are wild and majestic!
The steep frowning glories
of dark Loch na Garr.

Lochnagar Distillery
Crathie, Deeside, Aberdeenshire

At the beginning of the 19th century Upper Deeside had a reputation for converting the waters of its burns into something much more interesting and profitable. It was traversed by "drove roads" through which great herds of cattle were driven to the Lowland markets. Occasionally, at night, brawny Highlanders, armed with cudgels and other weapons of a defensive nature, escorted convoys of ponies laden with kegs of contraband whisky. As late as 1820, at least half of Scotland's whisky production came from illicit stills. The Duke of Gordon, the greatest landowner in the Central Highlands, told the British Government that the Highlanders had made and drunk whisky from time immemorial, and solong as it was taxed at an exorbitant rate, they would make it illegally and sell it illegally.
In 1823 the Government saw the light and passed an Excise Act reducing the duty to a moderate level. One of the illicit distillers who took out a licence was James Robertson of Crathie. He is said to have had a distillery in Glen Feardan, north of the Dee. According to local tradition, it was burned to the ground by unlicensed distillers. Robertson built a distillery called Lochnagar, where he was first recorded as licence-holder in 1826-27. It too was burned, as the Aberdeen Journal reported on 12th May 1841:
"FIRE AT LOCHNAGAR DISTILLERY - On Thursday morning last, at four o'clock, the premises were discovered to be on fire; and, notwithstanding the greatest exertions, the whole of the distillery house, malt barn, kiln, and store-rooms, with all ' their contents, were reduced to embers. Where or how the fire originated remains a mystery... "
Then, in 1845, John Begg was granted a long lease by the Aber-geldie Estate of another site on which he built a new Lochnagar distillery. Three years later, Queen Victoria took up residence for the first time at Balmoral, half a mile away as the crow flies, and Begg made a significant entry in his diary: "I wrote a note on the 11th September to Mr. G.E. Anson (Her Majesty's Private Secretary) stating that the distillery was now in full operation, and would be so until six o'clock next day, and knowing how anxious H.R.H. Prince Albert was to patronise and make himself acquainted with everything of a mechanical nature, I should feel much pleasure in show him the works ... Next day ... I observed Her Majesty and the Prince Consort approaching. I ran and opened the door, when the Prince said, 'We have come to see through your work, Mr. Begg'". After all stages in the process of transforming barley into a distilled spirit had been explained to the visitors, John Begg asked Prince Albert whether "he would like to taste the spirit in its matured state, as we had cleared some that day from bond, which I thought was very fine. H.R.H. having agreed to this, I called for a bottle and glasses (which had been previously in readiness) and, presenting one glass to Her Majesty, she tasted it," followed by Prince Albert, and their three eldest children. The visit must have been a success, because it was followed within days by the grant of a Royal Warrant of Appointment as a supplier to the Queen.

Lochnagar was and is a very fine whisky and commanded a high price. To meet the growth of de-mand, the distillery was enlarged; warehouses and executive offices were acquired in Aberdeen; and finally, with the rise of the trade in blended Scotch whisky, Begg
became a pioneer of that industry too. By the time of his death in 1880 he had developed a large trade in blended and bottled whisky both at home and abroad. His only son, Henry Farquharson Begg, lacked his father's driving energy and appointed a manager to look after his interests. Before he died in 1896, he had created a trust of the business in which each of his children benefited equally. By 1902 it became apparent that the business was too complex to be satisfactorily operated as a trust. It was accordingly decided to turn it into a private limited liability company: John Begg Ltd. As Aberdeen lacked adequate facilities for the direct shipment of export orders, the blending and bottling operation was transferred to Glasgow in 1906. Lochnagar Distillery was rebuilt and re-equipped in the same year.
Midway through the war of 1914-18 negotiations were opened with The  Distillers  Company Limited,  which was  seeking toenlarge its export trade in blended whisky. DCL consequently acquired all the shares owned by the Begg family, and obtained a transfer of the lease of the distillery. In common with other malt whisky distilleries, Lochnagar was closed from 1917 to 1919 in the interest of conserving barley for foodstuffs, and closed again, for the same reason, for the greater part of the second world war.
Lochnagar's serene environment has remained unspoiled for many years, but there have been inevitable changes in its communications and in its domestic economy. Until the Great War, barley, coal and empty casks were brought in from Ballater railway station by horse and cart, and whisky was despatched by the same means. Steam lorries replaced the horse and cart in the 1920's: forty years later, the Deeside railway line was closed. The distillery was lighted by paraffin lamps or by gas carbide flame until a generator was installed in 1949, followed by connection with the national grid a year or two later. Water-wheels, supplemented by a steam engine, continued to drive some of the machinery until the distillery was re-equipped in 1963. The tun-room was then enlarged, the height of the stillhouse was raised, and the coal-burning furnaces of the two hand-fired stills were converted to mechanical stoking. The mash house was rebuilt in 1967 and the stills converted to internal heating by steam two years later.
The distillery covers a site of 3 to 4 acres (1.2 to 1.6 hectares). Scottish Malt Distillers Ltd., a Distillers Company subsidiary, owns 5 houses for occupation by employees of the distillery and holds the lease of Lochnagar Farm. The juxtaposition of the distillery and the farm steading commemorates the origin of malt whisky distilling as a sideline to farming. Today the stables, byres, corn lofts, hay lofts and turnip sheds are empty or used as distillery stores. They are solidly built, like the distillery buildings, from local granite.

The distillery's water supply comes from springs in the foothills of Lochnagar mountain. The large dam at the back of the distillery is used to store cooling water. The dam holding process water is located uphill.
John Begg Ltd., Glasgow, blenders of John Begg Blue Cap and John Begg de luxe Scotch whiskies, holds the licence. They bottle Lochnagar as a single malt whisky and the remainder of the output is used for blending.
Second (revised) edition

A special release of precious few individually numbered bottles, drawn from selected
casks held in reserve to commemorate the very day of Queen Victoria's visit to Royal
Lochnagar in 1 8 4 8.

Rich and memorable, this LIMITED  EDITION selected reserve is deep amber in colour,
with a well - rounded character. It is complex, subtle, elegant and sophisticated, as a
connoisseur's approval most surely demands.

When Queen Victoria came here with Prince Albert in 1848, she unknowingly made it
possible to create the whisky in this hand - crafted box. For Royal Lochnagar, named
in honour of her visit, became famous and prospered, although one of Scotland's
smallest distilleries.

Drawing water from a stream that flows through Balmoral Estate and with its exquisite
little  copper pot - stills, this selected malt whisky still has a privileged start in life,
enhanced by hand - crafting and long fermentation.

Fine ageing in refill sherry butts and casks hand - selected for bottling on the anniversary
of that first royal visit has given this INDIVIDUALLY  NUMBERED  LIMITED  EDITION
selected reserve its richly wooded, fruity nose, smooth mouthfeel and refined, well
rounded character.

A special release of precious few individually numbered bottles, drawn from selected
casks held in reserve to commemorate the very day of Queen Victoria's visit to Royal
Lochnagar in 1 8 4 8.

Rich and memorable, this LIMITED  EDITION selected reserve is deep amber in colour,
with a well - rounded character. It is complex, subtle, elegant and sophisticated, as a
connoisseur's approval most surely demands.

When Queen Victoria came here with Prince Albert in 1848, she unknowingly made it
possible to create the whisky in this hand - crafted box. For Royal Lochnagar, named
in honour of her visit, became famous and prospered, although one of Scotland's
smallest distilleries.

Drawing water from a stream that flows through Balmoral Estate and with its exquisite
little  copper pot - stills, this selected malt whisky still has a privileged start in life,
enhanced by hand - crafting and long fermentation.

Fine ageing in refill sherry butts and casks hand - selected for bottling on the anniversary
of that first royal visit has given this INDIVIDUALLY  NUMBERED  LIMITED  EDITION
selected reserve its richly wooded, fruity nose, smooth mouthfeel and refined, well
rounded character.


Everything about the plant, especially its two small stills and worm tubs, point to this being a classic, ‘heavy’ 19th century site. Instead, its distilling team work to make it ‘light’. The wort – from a rake and plough mash tun – manages to be clear (which is not easy to achieve). Ferments are long, but it is the way in which the stills and worms are utilised which makes the difference.

Distillation is slow to maximise reflux and the stills’ doors are opened after distillation to allow air in to rejuvenate the copper. Meanwhile, the worm tubs are run warm. All of this maximises copper conversation and produces a new make with the aroma of dry grass, a background of fruit and mid-palate depth. It is this weight which allows the bulk of the make to be aged in ex-Sherry butts.


Moonshining was a profitable activity in Upper Deeside in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. As a result, when licit distilling was attempted post-1823, the reaction of the whisky smugglers was extreme. The first distiller to attempt legal whisky-making in the parish of Crathie, James Robertson, had three distilleries burned down.

John Begg, however, had both time (opposition to legal distilling had faded by the end of the 1820s), and a powerful patron on his side when he commenced distilling across the river from Crathie in 1845. Queen Victoria and Prince Albert had only recently bought the neighbouring Balmoral Estate (complete with castle), a move which not only confirmed Scotland as a fashionable destination for the English middle classes, but began to give whisky a foothold in the wider British consciousness.

Begg invited his new neighbours to his distillery soon after he opened and in 1848 what is claimed to be the first ever distillery tour took place. The Queen, her consort and their three eldest all took a dram of Begg’s make [the Queen would go on to favour mixing hers with claret] and a few weeks later Albert awarded a Royal Warrant to the distillery. No-one would now dare to burn the place down.

Begg’s own blend built a solid reputation and his firm was absorbed into John Dewar in 1916. In 1925 it became part of DCL [now Diageo]. A small site, its make was destined for a number of blends and in more recent times became the named malt in Korea’s top seller, Windsor, and among the list of malts used in Johnnie Walker Blue Label.

It has also played a small but significant role in single malt. For a period its no-age-statement, 100% Sherry cask brand, Selected Reserve, was the most expensive whisky in the Diageo portfolio. It, an expression finished in Moscatel casks, and a 12-year-old make up the current range.

TIMELINE

1823
James Robertson establishes a legal whisky distillery in Crathie
1826
The distillery is destroyed by arsonists, but Robertson builds a second distillery near Lochnagar
1841
Robertson's second distillery is also burned to the ground
1845
John Begg builds his own distillery on the banks of the River Dee
1848
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert visit the distillery and grant it a Royal Warrant
1882
John Begg dies and the distillery, now Royal Lochnagar, is inherited by his son, Henry Farquharson Begg
1896
Henry Farquharson Begg passes away and the distillery is placed in the hands of his trust
1902
Royal Lochnagar is established as a private limited company
1906
The distillery is rebuilt
1916
Royal Lochnagar is acquired by John Dewar & Sons
1925
Dewars becomes part of Distillers Company Limited, and subsequently part of SMD in 1930
1963
The distillery is given a thorough refurbishment
2008
Royal Lochnagar Distillery's Edition, finished in Moscatel casks, is released
ROYAL LOCHNAGAR FACTS

CONDENSER TYPE i
Worm tub
FERMENTATION TIME i
Minimum 60hrs
FILLING STRENGTH i
63.5%
GRIST WEIGHT (T) i
5.4
HEAT SOURCE i
Steam
MALT SPECIFICATION i
Lightly peated
MALT SUPPLIER i
Mainly in house
MASH TUN TYPE i
Traditional lauter
NEW-MAKE PHENOL LEVEL i
Lightly peaty
NEW-MAKE STRENGTH i
67-68%
SPIRIT STILL CHARGE (L) i
3,900
SPIRIT STILL SHAPE i
Plain
STILLS i
2
WASH STILL CHARGE (L) i
6,000
WASH STILL SHAPE i
Plain
WASHBACK TYPE i
Wood
WASHBACKS i
3
WATER SOURCE i
Lochnagar foothills Spring
WORT CLARITY i
Clear
YEAST TYPE i
Pressed
OWNERS

Diageo logo
CURRENT OWNER

Diageo
1997 - present
PREVIOUS OWNERS

United Distillers
1986 - 1997
Distillers Company Limited
1925 - 1986
John Dewar & Sons
1916 - 1925
The Begg Family
1845 - 1916
James Robertson
1823 - 1841
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