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BRORA   13 years old 59,9 %                
CADENHEAD'S
AUTHENTIC COLLECTION
Cask Strenght
Distilled May 1982
Bottled January 1996
Not diluted
No chill filtration
No colouring
No additives
Wm. Cadenhead, 32 Unionstreet,
Campbeltown

BRORA   18 years old 52,9 %              
SILENT STILLS
Distilled 18.1.83
Cask no. 40
Bottled 3.9.2001
294 Bottles
Genummerde flessen
Ainslie & Heilbron (Dist) Ltd
Signatory Vintage
Scotch Whisky Co, Ltd, Edinburgh

BRORA   26 years old 50%           
THE OLD MALT CASK 50o
Single Cask Bottling
Distilled November 1974
Bottled April 2001
258 bottles
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

BRORA   21 years old 59,2%            
STRAIGHT FROM THE CASK
Distilled on: 12 Nov 1981
Bottled on: 12 Nov 2002
Matured in a Refill Sherry Butt
Cask No: 1421
Selected by La Maison du Whisky
Bottled by Hand, in Scotland
510 bottles
50 cl Bottles
Signatory Vintage, Edinburgh

BRORA  15 years old 40%                    
CONNOISSEURS CHOICE
Distilled 1982
Bottled 1997
Proprietors:
Ainslie & Heilbron (Distillers) Ltd
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

BRORA  20 years old 40%                    
CONNOISSEURS CHOICE
Distilled 1982
Bottled 2002
Proprietors:
Ainslie & Heilbron (Distillers) Ltd
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

BRORA   21 years old 56.90 %            INFO
RARE MALTS SELECTION
Natural Cask Strenght
Distilled 1977
Bottled October 1998
Limited Edition
Genummerde flessen
United Malt & Grain Distillers Ltd,
Glasgow
EMPTY

BRORA   22 years old 58,7 %             
RARE MALTS SELECTION
Natural Cask Strenght
Distilled 1972
Limited Bottling
Ainslie & Heilbron (Distillers)
Glasgow.

BRORA   21 years old 46 %               
The Un-Chillfiltered Collection
Closed Distillery
Matured in a Refill Sherry Butt
Distilled on: 15th December 1981
Bottled on: 23rd September 2003
Butt No. 1587
513 Numbered Bottles
No Chillfiltration
Signatory Vintage
Scotch Whisky Co, Ltd, Edinburgh

BRORA  23 years old 53,7 %             
SIGNATORY VINTAGE
Highland Single Malt Scotch Whisky

CASK STRENGTH COLLECTION
Matured in a Sherry Butt
Butt No. 1557
613 numbered Bottles
Natural ColourSignatory Vintage
Scotch Whisky Co, Ltd, Edinburgh

BRORA   20 years old 54,9 %      INFO          
RARE MALTS SELECTION
Natural Cask Strenght
Distilled 1975
Limited Edition
Genummerde flessen
Ainslie & Heilbron, Glasgow.

BRORA   24 years old 56,1 %            INFO
RARE MALTS SELECTION
Natural Cask Strenght
Distilled 1977
Bottled October 2001
Limited Edition
Genummerde flessen
Scottish Malt Distillers, Elgin.

BRORA   18 years old 43 %             
VINTAGE 1981
Distilled 31.3.81
Bottled 8.9.99
Cask No. 569
460 bottles
Natural Colour
Signatory Vintage
Scotch Whisky Co, Ltd, Edinburgh

BRORA   19 years old 43 %              
VINTAGE 1981
SIGNATORY MILLENNIUM EDITION
Distilled 11th June 1981
Bottled on 26th July 2000
Matured in a sherry butt
Butt No. 1082
788 bottles
Natural Colour
Signatory Vintage
Scotch Whisky Co, Ltd, Edinburgh

BRORA   19 years old 59,4 %      INFO   
SINGLE CASK
SCOTCH MALT WHISKY
Distilled Feb 77
Bottled Sept 96
Society Cask No. code 61.5
The Scotch Malt Whisky Society,
The Vaults, Leith, Edinburgh
'An Islay by another name'.

BRORA   over 25 years old 43 %        
THE McGIBBONS's PROVENANCE
AUTUMN DISTILLATION
Autumn 1975
Bottled Winter 2001
No Colouring
Not Chill Filtered
Douglas McGibbon & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

BRORA   18 years old 40 %             
CONNOISSEURS CHOICE
Distilled 1982
Bottled 2000
Proprietors:
Ainslie & Heilbron (Distillers) Ltd
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

BRORA   18 years old 50 %               
THE OLD MALT CASK 50o
Single Cask Bottling
Distilled September 1981
Bottled July 2000
Matured in Sherry Cask
732 bottles
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

BRORA  20 years old 50 %                 
THE OLD MALT CASK 50o
A Single Cask Bottling
Distilled June 1981
Bottled July 2001
570 bottles
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

BRORA   29 years old 50 %           
THE OLD MALT CASK 50o
Single Cask Bottling
Distilled June 1971
Matured in Sherry Cask
Bottled April 2001
258 bottles
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

BRORA   22 years old 58,5 %               
THE OLD MALT CASK 50o
ADVANCED SAMPLE
Natural Cask Strength
Sherry Hogshead
Distilled 1982
Bottled April 2001
Cask 387
Approved by Alambic Classique, Germany
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

BRORA   21 years old 50 %               
THE OLD MALT CASK 50o
Single Cask Bottling
Distilled 1982
Bottled 2003
Matured in Sherry Cask
264 bottles
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

BRORA   26 years old 54,8 %           INFO
SINGLE CASK
SCOTCH MALT WHISKY
Date Distilled Feb 77
Date Bottled Mar 03
Society Cask code 61.15
Outturn 298 Bottles
The Scotch Malt Whisky Society,
The Vaults, Leith, Edinburgh
'Bonfire on a shingle beach'

BRORA   21 years old 59,4 %            INFO     
SINGLE CASK
SCOTCH MALT WHISKY
Date Distilled Mar 82
Date Bottled Nov 03
Society Cask code 61.18
Outturn 279 Bottles
The Scotch Malt Whisky Society,
The Vaults, Leith, Edinburgh
'Matured to elegance'

BRORA   25 years old 57.0%            INFO
SINGLE CASK
SCOTCH MALT WHISKY
Date distilled Feb 78
Date Bottled Feb 04
Society Cask code 61.2
(Collectors item. Society labeled 61.2)
Outturn 271 Bottles
The Scotch Malt Whisky Society,
The Vaults, Leith, Edinburgh
'Marmelade on burnt toast'

BRORA   over 26 yearsold 46%              
THE McGIBBON's PROVENANCE
WINTER DISTILLATION
Distilled - 1976 - Winter
Bottled - Autumn -  2002
Un - Chillfiltered
A Bottling from One Cask
Number 742
No Colouring
Douglas McGibbon & Co,  Ltd,   Glasgow

BRORA    21 years old 58,4%                 
VINTAGE 1982
Distilled: 1982
Bottled: 2003
Cask No.   416
Cask Strenght
272 Numbered Bottles
Natural Colour
Signatory Vintage
Scotch Whisky Co,  Ltd,   Edinburgh

BRORA   20 years old 58,1 %       INFO
RARE MALTS SELECTION
Natural Cask Strenght
Distilled 1982
Bottled April 2003
Limited Edition
Genummerde flessen
Brora Distillery, Brora,
Sutherland Scottish Malt Distillers, Elgin

BRORA   Aged 22 years 56,4 %           
SIGNATORY VINTAGE
Highland Single Malt Scotch Whisky
CASK STRENGHT COLLECTION
Distilled on: 08/12/1981
Bottled on: 06/10/2004
Matured in a Sherry Butt
Cask No: 1561
611 Numbered Bottles
Natural Colour
Signatory Vintage
Scotch Whisky Co, Ltd, Edinburgh

BRORA    22 years old 60.8 %               
RARE AULD SCOTCH WHISKY
Highland
Cask Strenght
A Unique Whisky of Distinction
Fons et Origo
D T C
Sherry Cask
date distilled 11.1981
date bottled 10.2004
Cask no. 1426
251 Numbered Bottles
No Chill Filtering or Colouring of any kind
Duncan Taylor & Co, Ltd, Huntly,
Aberdeenshire

BRORA   23 years old 48,6 %                 
VINTAGE BOTTLING
DUN BHEAGAN Highland
Distilled in 1981
Wood Type Butt Cask
Number 1513
Numbered Bottles 336
Bottles Unchill Filtered
William Maxwell  & Co, Ltd, Liverpool

BRORA    23 years old 46 %                  
SIGNATORY VINTAGE
THE UN - CHILLFILTERED
COLLECTION
Distilled on:  08.12.1981
Bottled on:  07.03.2005
Matured in: Refill Butt
Cask No.  05/147
408 Numbered Bottles
No Chillfiltration
Natural Colour
Signatory Vintage
Scotch Whisky Co, Ltd, Edinburgh

BRORA   30 years old 49,7 %             
THE OLD & RARE
PLATINUM SELECTION
Single Cask, Single Malt Bottling
Distilled 1972

Bottled 2003
Bottled at natural cask strength
222 numbered bottles
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
Offered with Pride
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

BRORA   31 years old 49,3 %                  
THE OLD & RARE
PLATINUM SELECTION
Single Cask, Single Malt Bottling
Bottled at natural cask strength
221 numbered bottles
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
Offered with Pride
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

BRORA   32 years old 58,4 %      
THE OLD & RARE
PLATINUM SELECTION
Single Cask, Single Malt Bottling
Distilled 1970
Bottled 2002
Bottled at natural cask strength
297 numbered bottles
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
Offered with Pride
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

BRORA    20 years old 46%                       
CHIEFTAIN'S CHOICE
Distilled: 1982
Bottled: 2003
Wood Type: Sherry Butt
Cask No. 1195
786 Bottles
Unchill - Filtered
Natural Colour
Ian MacLeod & Co,  Ltd,  Broxburn

BRORA   30 years old 52,4%         
SUPER PREMIUM
CASK STRENGHT
COASTAL HIGHLAND SCOTCH WHISKY
Distilled 1972
Bottled in 2002
Natural Cask Strenght
3000 bottles only
1st Limited Edition
Bora Distillery, Brora, Sutherland

BRORA   30 years old 55,7%                 
SUPER PREMIUM
SINGLE MALT COASTAL HIGHLAND
SCOTCH WHISKY
SPECIAL RELEASES 2003
Distilled: 1973
Bottled: 2003
Fine Cask Strenght
Single Malt Whiskies
Natural Cask Strenght
3000 Numbered Bottles
2nd Limited Edition
Brora Distillery, Brora, Sutherland

BRORA    30 years old 56.6%          
SUPER PREMIUM
SINGLE MALT COASTAL HIGHLAND
SCOTCH WHISKY
SPECIAL RELEASES 2004
Distilled: 1974
Bottled: 2004
Fine Cask Strenght
Single Malt Whiskies
Natural Cask Strenght
3000 Numbered Bottles
3rd Limited Edition
Brora Distillery, Brora, Sutherland

BRORA   30 years old 56,3%               
SUPER PREMIUM CASK STRENGHT
COASTAL HIGHLAND SCOTCH WHISKY
SPECIAL RELEASES 2005
Distilled 1975
Bottled in 2005
Annual Release
Natural Cask Strenght
3000 bottles only
4th Very Limited Edition
Vatted from a mixture of American and
European Oak Refill Casks
Bora Distillery, Brora, Sutherland

BRORA    over 19 years old 50%              
PURE HIGHLAND MALT
SCOTCH WHISKY
SPECIAL RESERVE FOR SILVER SEAL
Distilled: March 1982
Bottled: Sptember 2001
280 Numbered Bottles
Silver Seal Whisky Company Ltd.
11 Florida Square, Glasgow

BRORA   23 years old 50 %               INFO
THE OLD MALT CASK 50o
Single Malt - Single Cask - Scotch Whisky
A Single Cask Bottling From
Douglas Laing
Distilled November 1982             
Bottled January 2006
Matured in Sherry Cask
348 Bottles filled from cask
No Chill Filtration
No Colouring
A Bottling from one Sherry Butt D L Ref: 2294
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd, Glasgow

BRORA   24 years old 43 %                 INFO
CONNOISSEURS CHOICE
Distillation Date: January 1982
Cask Type: Refill Sherry Butts
Bottling Date: February 2006
Proprietors:
Ainslie & Heilbron (Distillers) Ltd
Gordon & Macphail, Elgin

BRORA    Aged 30 years 55,7%           
CLASSIC MALTS SELECTION
SUPER PREMIUM
CASK STRENGHT
SINGLE MALT COASTAL HIGHLAND
SCOTCH WHISKY
Fine Cask Strenght Single Malt Whiskies
Distilled 1976
Annual Release
Natural Cask Strenght
Bottled 2006
Fifth Very Limited Edition
2130 bottles worldwide
120 bottles available for the Netherlands
Vatted from a mixture of American Oak
and European refill casksBrora Distillery,
Brora, Sutherland

BRORA    23 years old 48%                  
VINTAGE BOTTLING
DUN BHEAGAN SINGLE MALT
SCOTCH WHISKY
Highland
Distilled 1981
Wood Type: Refill Sherry Butt
Cask Number 1512
Bottled 2005
No. of Bottles 648
Unchill Filtered
William Maxwell & Co, Ltd, Liverpool

BRORA    24 years old 48,5 %                  
VINTAGE BOTTLING
DUN BHEAGAN SINGLE MALT
SCOTCH WHISKY
Highland
Distilled in December 1981
Wood Type: Fino Sherry Butt
Cask Number 1524
Bottled 2006
No. of Bottles 726
Unchill Filtered
William Maxwell & Co, Ltd, Liverpool

BRORA    24 years old 46 %             
Highland Single Malt Scotch Whisky
UNFILTERED
HAND  BOTTLED
LA   MAISON  DU  WHISKY
Distilled on:  1.12.1981
Cask No:  05/794
Matured in:  Sherry Butt
Bottled on:  14.12.2005
472 Bottles   50 CL
Without any filtration
Natural Colour
Cask individually selected by
La Maison du Whisky
Bottled by Signatory Vintage
Scotch Whisky Co, Ltd, Edinburg

BRORA    25 years old 56,5 %             
CASK STRENGHT RARE AULD   
SCOTCH WHISKY
Unique Whiskies of Distinction
Fons et Origo D T C
date distilled  11.1981
cask no. 1423
date bottled 02.2007
682 numbered bottles
Duncan Taylor & Co Ltd,
Huntly,  Aberdeenshire

BRORA        Aged  26 years  54,5 %                                    
CASK  STRENGHT  RARE  AULD
SCOTCH  WHISKY
Unique Whiskies of Distinction
Region: Highland Scotch Whisky
Fons et Origo
D T C
Date distilled: 11.1981
Cask no: 1424
Date bottled: 11.2007
Numbered Bottles
625 Bottles
Duncan Taylor & Co, Ltd, Huntly, Aberdeenshire

BRORA                  Aged 25 years 56,3 %                            
SUPER  PREMIUM
CASK  STRENGHT
COASTAL  HIGHLAND  SCOTCH  WHISKY
SPECIAL  RELEASES  2 O O 8
Distilled 1983
Bottled 2008
NATURAL  CASK  STRENGHT
Numbered Bottles
3000 bottles only
Limited Bottling
Brora Distillery, Brora, Sutherland


BRORA      Aged 26 years  46 %                                
VINTAGE  BOTTLING
DUN  BHEAGAN
Single Malt Scotch Whisky
Highland
Distilled in December 1981
Wood Type: Dry Sherry Butt
Cask Number 1526
Bottled 2008
684 Bottles
Unchill Filtered
Natural Colour
William Maxwell & Co, Ltd, Liverpool


BRORA                   Aged   30 years 53.2 %                               
CLASSIC  MALTS  SELECTION
SUPER  PREMIUM
NATURAL  CASK  STRENGHT
SINGLE  MALT  SCOTCH  WHISKY
COASTAL  HIGHLAND
Distilled 1979
Annual Release
Bottled 2009
8th Limited Bottling
1 of only 2652 Bottles
Brora Distillery, Brora, Sutherland

BRORA                   Aged 27 years 51.3 %                                 
CASK  STRENGHT  RARE  AULD
SCOTCH  WHISKY
Region  HIGHLAND  SCOTCH  WHISKY
Unique Whiskies of Distinction
Fons et Origo
D T C
Date distilled 11.1981
Cask no. 291
Date bottled 07.2009
330 Numbered Bottles
No Chill Filtering or colourings of any kind
Duncan Taylor, Huntly, Aberdeenshire

BRORA          Aged  30 years  54,3 %   
CLASSIC  MALTS  SELECTION
SUPER  PREMIUM
NATURAL  CASK  STRENGHT
SINGLE  COASTAL  HIGHLAND  MALT
Bottled 2010
Limited Bottling
1 of 3000 Bottles
Brora Distillery, Brora, Sutherland



Northern Highlands   BRORA   also see CLYNELISH

Brora, Sutherland. Licentiehouder: Ainslie & Heilbron (Distillers) Ltd. Onderdeel van Scot-tish Malt Distillers Ltd. (S.M.D.). De malt divisie van United Distillers Ltd. Eigendom van Guinness.
Brora werd gesticht als Clynelish distilleerderij door de Marquess of Stafford. Die na te zijn getrouwd met de erfgename van de Sutherland landgoederen, toen hij de titel Duke of Sutherland ging voeren, de leidende figuur werd van de beruchte Highland Clearances, waarbij vijftien duizend mensen van hun boerderijtjes werden verdreven, om plaats te maken voor schapen van het Cheviot ras, die meer opbrachten.
Een deel van de boertjes (Crofters) moest langs de kust gaan wonen, hier verbouwden zij gerst, die de Crofters aan de distilleerderij konden verkopen, waardoor de Duke of Suther-land weer kon worden betaald.
De eerste pachter van een stukje grond was James Harper, die er tegelijkertijd een distil-leerderij bijbouwde voor € 750.
Op het land werd gerst geteeld, koeien gehouden en vooral varkens die werden gevoed met het afval dat overbleef na het distillatieproces.
Ook was er een kolenmijn gelegen bij het stadje Brora.
James Harper begon met twee ketels met een kapaciteit van respectievelijk 200 en 87 gallons, en produceerde 10,015 gallons spirit, waar hij in 1821-22 € 2,774 aan accijnzen betaalde.
De volgende licentiehouder was Andrew Ross in 1834, die werd in 1846 opgevolgd door George Lawson die verbeteringen aanbracht in Clynelish.
In 1896 verkocht George Lawson & Sons de zaken aan Ainslie & Co, whiskyblenders te Leith. De naam van Clynelish was toen al zo, dat men meer kon verkopen dan produceren.
Ainslie & Co breidde de distilleerderij en lagerkapaciteit aanzienlijk uit en was voltooid in 1897.
Ainslie & Co's zaken kwamen in 1912 onder de handen van de curator.
John Risk, die al 50 % van het aandelen kapitaal in Clynelish bezat, kocht ook de andere 50 % en bood deze aan The Distillers Company Ltd.
The Clynelish Distillery Co, Ltd werd gevormd met een kapitaal van € 20.000, Risk en de D.C.L. werden beiden aandeelhouder voor 50 X.
Met de overname van Coleburn in 1916 werd het aandelen kapitaal verhoogd tot £ 30.000 en John Walker & Sons te Kilmarnock werd voor één derde deel aandeelhouder.
The Distillers Company Ltd nam alle aandelen in 1925 over, en in 1930 werd Clynelish on-derdeel van Scottish Malt Distillers Ltd, de malt divisie van de D.C.L.
In 1928 werd er gemoderniseerd teneinde op arbeid te kunnen besparen. Er kwam toen ook electrisch licht.
Clynelish sloot in Maart 1931 als gevolg van de economische depressie, maar werd weer opstart in September 1938.
Clynelish was weer gesloten van Mei 1941 tot November 1945 als gevolg van oorlogs omstandigheden.

Technische veranderingen kwamen in de jaren zestig, betrok Clynelish zijn kolen tot dan van Ross Pit te Brora en uit de Lowlands, ging men nu over op olie. Het waterwiel en de stoommachine, nodig voor de energie werden vervangen door kracht d.m.v. electricteit.
De ketels werden voortaan verhit door stoom.
De laatste kolen werden aangeleverd op 4 November 1966..
Een nieuwe distilleerderij werd gebouwd in 1967 - 1968. Deze heeft zes ketels die met stoom worden verhit.
De distilleerderij kreeg de naam Clynelish.
De oude distilleerderij werd gesloten, maar na herbouw van het brouwhuis in 1975 heropend met de naam Brora maar sloot weer in 1983, 17 Maart.
Het water voor beide distilleerderijen komt van dezelfde bron: Clynemilton Burn.
Dat de oude distilleerderij weer werd opgestart komt omdat in die tijd er een tekort was aan Islay type malt whisky, doordat Coal Ila werd verbouwd in die periode.
De specificatie van de turf was in die tijd dezelfde als gebruikt voor Talisker.
De kapaciteit van Clynelish is 3.000.000 liter spirit per jaar.
Er komen tussen de tien en twaalf duizend bezoekers jaarlijks.
Er werken veertien mensen.
De whisky afkomstig van de oude distilleederij voorafgaande aan 1967 werd Clynelish genoemd.
Nadien werden de vaten gestencild als Brora ofschoon ze werden verkocht als Clynelish.
De whiskyschrijver Gordon Brown noemde de nieuwe distilleerderij een koekfabriek, terwijl James Murray het een schoendoos stijl distilleerderij vond.
Het water kwam van de Clynmilton Burn.
De Mash tun is 6,8 ton.
De zes Wash backs zijn elk 20.000 liter.
Er is één Wash still en één Spirit still van elk 13.500 liter en worden met stoom verhit.
De capaciteit was ongeveer 1.000.000 liter spirit per jaar.

Clynelish Distillery was established in 1819 by the Marquess of Stafford who had married the heiress of the vast Sutherland estates and took that name later when he was made a duke. He had conceived a scheme of economic improvement that entailed moving the inhabitants from the interior to the seaboard where land was allotted to them. The distillery fitted into a plan for regenerating arable farms on the coastal strip.
Its origin was described by James Loch, the Marquess's Lands Commissioner, in 1820: "The first farm beyond the people's lot (at Brora) is Clynelish which has recently been let to Mr. Harper from the county of Midlothian. Upon this farm also there has just been erected a distillery at an expense of £750. This was done ... to afford the smaller tenants upon the estate a steady and ready market for their grain without their being obliged to dispose of it to the illegal distiller". It was hoped that the existence of the distillery would put an end to illicit distilling, a practice that, in Loch's words, had nursed the people "in every species of deceit, vice, idleness and dissipation".
Loch's account is illustrated by an architect's elevation and plan of the buildings. These ex-emplify a very early purpose-built distillery. Other distilleries of this date, and much later, were typically outbuildings of farmsteads, fitted up for distilling, or occasionally, as at Oban, converted breweries. Even so, the distillery and farm at Clynelish were integrated in one operation. A piggery is marked on the architect's plan. Spent grains left over from the manufacturing processes fed the pigs, and they in turn fertilised the "larger proportion of unimproved land" added to the farm "in consequence of the command of manure which the distillery will afford the tenant". Part of Brora Muir was reclaimed for farming by this means, and coal from the mine at Brora was used in the distillery's furnaces.
James Harper started up with one wash still and one spirit still, with respective capacities of 200 and 87 gallons. He produced 10,015 gallons, on which he paid duty of £2,774, in 1821-22. The next lessee was Andrew Ross in 1834, followed by George Law-son in 1846. Lawson, the brother of the local bank agent, was well placed to obtain capital. He made substantial improvements and extensions, notably by the erection of a new malt kiln and the replacement of the original stills. The Lawsons seem to have been efficient farmers: two Highland oxen from Clynelish won the first prize in their class, and sheep gained other awards, at the Smithfield Show in 1894.
George Lawson & Sons sold the business to Ainslie & Co., Scotch whisky blenders, of Leith, in 1896. Harper's Weekly, a trade journal, then described it as "a singularly valuable property, as the make has always obtained the highest price of any single Scotch whisky. It is sent out, duty-paid, to private customers all over the kingdom; and it also commands a very valuable export trade: the demand for it in that way is so great that the proprietors ... have for many years been obliged to refuse trade orders".
The new owners enlarged productive capacity and warehouse accommodation to meet the demand from wholesalers as well as from private customers. Rebuilding was completed in 1897. A stone bearing the coats of arms of the Marquess of Stafford and the Countess of Sutherland, and the date "1820", has been preserved on the gable wall of the stillhouse, just under the bell-cote.
Ainslie's business was put in the hands of a trustee in 1912. John Risk, who already held a 50% interest in Clynelish, bought
the other 50% and offered it to The Distillers Company Limited. The Clynelish Distillery Co. Ltd. was formed, with a capital of £0, owned in equal proportions by Risk and DCL. With the acquisition in 1916 of Coleburn Distillery, Speyside, the capital was increased to £0, one third of which was owned by John Walker & Sons of Kilmarnock. DCL acquired all the shares in 1925 and five years later transferred Clynelish to its subsidiary, Scottish Malt Distillers Ltd.
It was reckoned in 1928 that manual labour had been reduced to a minimum. The Pelton water wheel, which had originally supplied all the motive power, had been supple-mented in 1897 by a horizontal steam engine, made by Shanks of Arbroath. A system of screw and band conveyors moved raw materials throughout the buildings, and a power house was being built to generate electric light.
Clynelish closed in March 1931 as a result of the economic depression. It restarted in Sep-tember 1938, only to shut down from May 1941 until November 1945, on account of wartime restrictions on the supply of barley to distillers.
Technological change came in the post-war years. The water wheel and the steam engine were displaced by electric power in the 1960's. The two stills, which were heated by a coal-burning furnace, hand-fired, were converted to internal heating by steam in 1961. The dis-tillery took half of its coal supply from Ross Pit, Brora, and half from the Lowlands. The last delivery of coal was made on 4 November 1966. The boiler was then converted for burning oil.
A new distillery was built on an adjacent site in 1967-68. It had six stills, all heated by steam from an oil-fired boiler. The new distillery was given the name "Clynelish". The old distillery was closed for a time, and then reopened, after the rebuilding of the mash house, as "Brora Distillery" in April 1975. It is the subject of the drawing at the head of this leaflet.
Both distilleries use the same water supply, piped from a weir on the Clynemilton Burn on the shoulder of Colbhein. They occupy a site of approximately 5 acres (2 hectares). SMD pro-vides seven houses for distillery employees. It also owns Clynelish Farm, which covers 320 acres (130 hectares) and is let to tenants.
The distiller's licence is held by Ainslie & Heilbron (Distillers) Ltd., of Glasgow, blenders of Royal Edinburgh Scotch whisky. They also bottle and sell Clynelish single malt whisky.


Brora built in 1819 by the future Duke of Sutherland, the now Brora distillery enjoyed fine buildings which befitted one of Scotland's earliest pupose built distilleries.

THE OLD MALT CASK 50o
Douglas Laing & Co, Ltd
Douglas House 18, Lynedoch Crescent, Glasgow G 3 6 £ Q.
In 1949 Fred Douglas Laing established Douglas Laing & Co primarily as a blender and bottler for his Scotch Whisky blends The King of Scots and House of Peers, which are available today internationally.
Large stocks and reserves of aging Malts in particular, were laid down by Mr. Laing, many being guarded for 25 - 30 years specifically for the older blends such as the 25 and 30 Year Old KING OF SCOTS.
With more than 50 different Malts in stock, over the last 50 years from filling programme, it was obvious that the Malt Master would have certain favourites. These have variously been chalked off the times of regular quality control, as being of particular qualitative interest; both commercially, and for the pleasure of the Directors. It has been their particular perk, benefit and privelege to nose and taste some of the finest quality samples indicative of the Distillers's art.
It was judged by the two current owners/directors (sons of the founder, so nepotism is not dead!) that some of these stocks were 'too good to blend'. And so the OLD MALT CASK selection was developed in 1999 to extend those perks and benefits beyond the Director's tasting suite!
Initially it was felt that 50 different Malts commemorating the Company's 50th Anniversary would be approciate. That tally has now been exeeded but our preferred strenght of 50 % ale/vol is maintained. We believe this strenght creates a fine, round, full quality for various Malts when taken 'neat'. It also allows the regular consumer to know precisely how much or little water should be added to this artisan and craftman's distillate.
These selected Malt Whiskies have waited many years to reach their classic heights of quality. Not only with your health in mind, but with a view to greater enjoyment, may we suggest that in the style of the founder, whose signature endorses your Malt, you enjoy its glass leisurely and slowly.
Douglas Laing.

October 2005
Diageo has announced that its 2005 Annual Rare Malts Selection will be the last.
The collection will consist of four cask strenght single malts from closed distilleries; Glen Mhor 28 years old, Millburn 35 years old, Glendullan 26 years old and Linkwood 30 years old.
Dr. Nicholas Morgan, global malts marketing director commented: 'As the Special Releases are now well established, it makes less sence to continue selecting and promoting a parallel series of Rare Malts with his own separate indentity'.
In future, all premium and rare whiskies will be made available in the annual Special Releases series.

  

History:

1819   Founded by the marquis of Stafford, later first Duke of Sutherland
James Harper is the first licensed distiller

1827   James Harper files for bankruptcy

1827   John Matheson licensed distiller

1828   James Harper again licensee

1834   Andrew Ross licensed distiller

1846   George Lawson licensee

     

1878 - 1896  George Lawson & Sons licensee

1896   James Ainslie & Co, whisky blenders, Glasgow acquired a 50 % interest
in the distillery, John Risk, previously of Bankier Distillery the other 50 %
                   Brora is rebuild

1912   James Ainslie & Co bankruptcy
The distillery is taken over by the Clynelish Distillery Co, Ltd, jointly owned
by Distillers Company Ltd (D.C.L.) and John Risk, John Walker & Sons took
a stake of john Risk's stocks
 
1925   D.C.L. buys out John Risk

1930   Remaining share is bought out by D.C.L. and the distillery is transferred to the
Scottish Malt Distillers Ltd. (S.M.D.)

1931   The distillery is mothballed

1939   The distillery is producing again

1960   The distillery becomes electrified (until now it has been using locally mined coal
from Brora )
 
1967   New distillery is built adjacent to the old one, the name is also Clynelish and
both operate in parallel from August
 
1968   'Old Clynelish' is mothballed in August

1969   'Old Clynelish' is reopened as Brora and starts using a very peaty malt over the
next  years

1983   Brora closed in March

1995     Brora 1972, 20 years and 22 years distilled 1972 are launched as Rare Malts


1996   Brora  20 years  and distilled in 1975 is launched as Rare Malt

1998        Brora 1977 distilled and 21 years old is launched as a Rare Malt

2001   Brora 1977 and 24 years old is launched as a Rare Malt

2002   A 30 years old Brora is launched as a Rare Malt

2003   Brora 1982 and 20 years old  is launched as a Rare Malt

2006     The 5th  30 year old Brora is launched


BRORA  DISTILLERY

Ouput: 1000.000 litres
Water: Clynmilton Burn
Mash tun: 1 x 6,8 tonnes
Wasbacks: 6 x 20.000 litres
1 wash still 13.500 litres
1 spirit still 13,500 litres


BRORA  DISTILLERY

Process- and cooling water came from Clynemilton Burn.
Mash tun had a capacity of 31.500 litres
6 Wash backs had a capacity of 29.500 litres each
burners
The Wash stills had a capacity of 22.500 litres
The Spirit stills had a capacity of 17.700 litres
The output was a 1.000.000 litres

BRORA Brora

DISTILLERY & BRAND
Originally known as Clynelish, Brora has become a cult whisky.


The bottlings which we now see come from Brora’s last flaring. This was a time when the distillery was run specifically to fill in perceived holes in DCL’s inventory. As a result you will find Broras which are immensely oily and smoky, as well as some in which there is the merest exhalation of peat. The waxy, oily, marine/mineral characters seen in Clynelish are however always present, but in magnified form. Rather than the orange oil of Clynelish, here there is more lemon acidity. There was, sadly, a small run of bottlings with a butyric character, so be aware.

Diageo releases an annual – and limited – bottling as part of its Special Release programme. With growing interest in smoky whiskies – and closed distilleries – Brora has become a cult malt.

Brora – or as it was originally known, Clynelish – is one of Scotland’s Clearance distilleries [see also Talisker]. It was built in 1819 by the Marquis of Stafford (later the Duke of Sutherland) who with his wife and her factors [estate managers] enacted some of the most brutal forced evictions in the Highlands, as part of an economic experiment which saw 15,000 farmers from their estate alone, moved off their land and resettled either on the coast, or sent to Canada and Australia.

Those who ended up in the new settlement at Brora were put to work in the Duke’s new business enterprises, one of which was distilling.

It took some time for the distillery to find its feet, passing through a number of lessees until George Lawson took charge. He and his sons would run the plant from 1846 to 1896 when they sold it to the Glasgow blender James Ainslie and his business partner John Risk who rebuilt the site that year.

Ainslie himself went bust in 1912 when Risk and DCL took shares in the firm, John Walker & Sons following in 1916. Risk was bought out in 1925, when Walker joined DCL and the latter took complete control in 1930.

It wasn’t until after the Second World War that the distillery began to increase capacity significantly as a result of demand for blends increasing. By 1967, this had reached such a height that it was decided that it would be easier to build a new and larger distillery – initially known as Clynelish 2 – alongside the original buildings than try to expand them.

The old distillery closed for a year, but reopened in 1969 and was in production, though not always at full capacity, until it closed in 1983.

In 1975, after a change in legislation banning two distilleries from being called the same, its name was changed to Brora. During 1972 to 1974 when DCL’s Caol Ila was being rebuilt, production of heavily peated malt was switched here. Also, during periods of drought on Islay, the production of DCL’s heavily peated requirements was switched to the far north east. This could explain why although Brora’s peating levels in general dropped after 1977, there are occasional heavily smoky expressions from the 1980s.

The distillery was closed finally in 1983, and although rumours surface occasionally about it reopening they seem little more than wishful thinking.

TIMELINE

1819
The distillery is founded by the Marquis of Stafford [Duke of Sutherland] and run as Clynelish
1846
The Lawson family takes over operation
1896
Blender James Ainslie buys the distillery with John Risk
1912
Partnership agreed between John Risk and DCL
1916
John Walker & Sons buys shares in the distillery
1925
DCL takes full control of the site's operation
1968
A new distillery [Clynelish 2] is built next door; The original distillery closes
1969
The original distillery reopens
1972
Production of heavily peated spirit starts
1975
The original distillery's name changes to Brora
1977
Production of heavy peated malt stops (but occasional runs are made in subsequent years)
1983
Brora distillery is mothballed
OWNERS

Diageo logo
CURRENT OWNER

Diageo
1997 - present
PREVIOUS OWNERS

United Distillers
1986 - 1997
Distillers Company Limited
1925 - 1986
John Risk
1896 - 1925
Ainslie & Heilbron Distillers
1896 - 1912 (jointly with John Risk)
George Lawson
1846 - 1896
Andrew Ross
1834 - 1846
James Harper
1828 - 1834
John Matheson
1827 - 1828
James Harper
1825 - 1827
Marquis of Stafford
1819 - 1825

Brora – or as it was originally known, Clynelish – is one of Scotland’s Clearance distilleries [see also Talisker]. It was built in 1819 by the Marquis of Stafford (later the Duke of Sutherland) who with his wife and her factors [estate managers] enacted some of the most brutal forced evictions in the Highlands, as part of an economic experiment which saw 15,000 farmers from their estate alone, moved off their land and resettled either on the coast, or sent to Canada and Australia.

Those who ended up in the new settlement at Brora were put to work in the Duke’s new business enterprises, one of which was distilling.

It took some time for the distillery to find its feet, passing through a number of lessees until George Lawson took charge. He and his sons would run the plant from 1846 to 1896 when they sold it to the Glasgow blender James Ainslie and his business partner John Risk who rebuilt the site that year.

Ainslie himself went bust in 1912 when Risk and DCL took shares in the firm, John Walker & Sons following in 1916. Risk was bought out in 1925, when Walker joined DCL and the latter took complete control in 1930.

It wasn’t until after the Second World War that the distillery began to increase capacity significantly as a result of demand for blends increasing. By 1967, this had reached such a height that it was decided that it would be easier to build a new and larger distillery – initially known as Clynelish 2 – alongside the original buildings than try to expand them.

The old distillery closed for a year, but reopened in 1969 and was in production, though not always at full capacity, until it closed in 1983.

In 1975, after a change in legislation banning two distilleries from being called the same, its name was changed to Brora. During 1972 to 1974 when DCL’s Caol Ila was being rebuilt, production of heavily peated malt was switched here. Also, during periods of drought on Islay, the production of DCL’s heavily peated requirements was switched to the far north east. This could explain why although Brora’s peating levels in general dropped after 1977, there are occasional heavily smoky expressions from the 1980s.

The distillery was closed finally in 1983, and although rumours surfaced occasionally about it reopening they seemed little more than wishful thinking.

However, in October 2017 Diageo revealed plans to reopen both Brora and Port Ellen distilleries, which also closed in 1983. Subject to planning permission, the two sites are expected to be operational once more by 2020.



1819
The distillery is founded by the Marquis of Stafford [Duke of Sutherland] and run as Clynelish
1846
The Lawson family takes over operation
1896
Blender James Ainslie buys the distillery with John Risk
1912
Partnership agreed between John Risk and DCL
1916
John Walker & Sons buys shares in the distillery
1925
DCL takes full control of the site's operation
1968
A new distillery [Clynelish 2] is built next door; The original distillery closes
1969
The original distillery reopens
1972
Production of heavily peated spirit starts
1975
The original distillery's name changes to Brora
1977
Production of heavy peated malt stops (but occasional runs are made in subsequent years)
1983
Brora distillery is mothballed
OWNERS

Diageo logo
CURRENT OWNER

Diageo
1997 - present
PREVIOUS OWNERS

United Distillers
1986 - 1997
Distillers Company Limited
1925 - 1986
John Risk
1896 - 1925
Ainslie & Heilbron Distillers
1896 - 1912 (jointly with John Risk)
George Lawson
1846 - 1896
Andrew Ross
1834 - 1846
James Harper
1828 - 1834
John Matheson
1827 - 1828
James Harper
1825 - 1827
Marquis of Stafford
1819 - 1825


THE RESURRECTION OF PORT ELLEN AND BRORA
09 October 2017
The shock news that cult distilleries Port Ellen and Brora are being brought back into production has reverberated around the whisky world. Richard Woodard delves more deeply into ‘the whisky announcement of a lifetime’.

Port Ellen distillery
Famous name: It is now 34 years since whisky was last made at Port Ellen
In the mythology that surrounds the legions of ‘ghost’ distilleries, two spectres loom especially large: Port Ellen and Brora. While romantics have long fantasised about their revival, realists were typically dismissive of the idea. It turns out that the romantics were right.

Both cult names – Port Ellen on Islay and Brora on the east coast of Sutherland – will be distilling again by 2020 after their owner, world’s largest Scotch whisky producer Diageo, announced a £35m investment to refurbish and refit the two sites.

‘It’s hard to over-estimate the degree of excitement among those people who have been working on this for a year or more now,’ Diageo head of whisky outreach Dr Nick Morgan says. ‘This is a really special day for us and for whisky drinkers everywhere… It’s the whisky announcement of a lifetime.’

The legend surrounding Port Ellen and Brora has only been magnified by their apparently permanent demise. Both were casualties of the early 1980s whisky loch, when the spirit they made for blends was surplus to requirements.

These were different times, when single malts were in their infancy. Only years later – and thanks in no small measure to the annual Special Release bottlings sold by Diageo – did the two distilleries ascend to their current level of fame and value (this year’s Port Ellen and Brora Special Releases were priced at £2,625 and £1,450 per bottle respectively).

Brora distillery

Dual identity: Brora was known as Clynelish, before a new distillery was built on the same site

So why reopen them now? ‘I think there are a number of converging reasons,’ Dr Morgan says. ‘The first thing is that from a Diageo perspective we have a huge amount of confidence in where Scotch is at the moment, and where we think it’s going to be going over the next 15, 20, 25 years.’

The growth of single malt sales around the world – particularly among connoisseurs and collectors – is a key factor, but the remarkable status enjoyed by these two closed distilleries makes them a case apart.

‘When we started bottling Port Ellen and Brora in the Special Releases 15 or 16 years ago, there were many people in Diageo who thought we wouldn’t be able to sell those bottles for £100,’ recalls Dr Morgan.

‘We thought the time was right really to bring those two back from the dead in order to expand the number of people who can enjoy them… This will allow a lot more whisky enthusiasts to do so.’

To Jon Beach, Port Ellen collector and owner of Fiddler’s Highland Restaurant & Whisky Bar on the shores of Loch Ness, the decision to revive the plants is a ‘no-brainer’. He adds: ‘If it had been a smaller company or a medium-sized company, it would have happened already, I would have thought.’

There’s still plenty of work for Diageo to do. Technically, this announcement is that the company is seeking planning permission to restart whisky production on the two sites, as well as working through the various regulatory approvals needed to run a modern whisky distillery.

In the case of Brora, the existing, derelict buildings will be used, and the two stills (which remain there) will be refurbished and recommissioned; worm tubs will be installed again.

Port Ellen Special Releases

Auction favourite: Port Ellen Special Release bottlings are particularly sought-after

For Port Ellen, the work needed is more drastic: a new building will be constructed in the courtyard between the maltings and the old warehouses, and a pair of new stills and condensers built and installed. Diageo says it has ‘detailed drawings’ and records of the old equipment to help this process.

The two distilleries will be small by industry standards, producing 800,000 litres of alcohol a year (similar to the production levels at Oban, but higher than Diageo’s smallest commercial distillery, Royal Lochnagar).

For Brora, that’s a slight reduction on its historic production level of 1m litres of alcohol a year; for Port Ellen, where there were previously two pairs of stills, it more than halves production.

This decision is shaped partly by strategic thinking, and partly by pragmatism. ‘We want these to be – I suppose you could say – small, bespoke distilleries,’ explains Dr Morgan. ‘It will enable us to make the distilleries the way we want them to be, and we couldn’t really do a 5-10m-litre operation [on those sites] even if we wanted to.’

As for the whisky itself, the task will be to recreate what was made in the late 1970s and early 1980s, but with a modern twist. ‘We’ve got enough production records to know how these places were being run in the 1980s, and people still on the payroll who worked on those distilleries, so we can use that wisdom,’ says Dr Morgan.

Port Ellen distillery

As it was: The modern Port Ellen distillery will be housed in a newly-constructed building

‘Our intention is to try and replicate as far as we can the medium-peated style of whiskies that these distilleries produced. But we know a lot more about distilling now than we did in the 1980s, and we’re also cleverer in terms of things like sustainability.’

Maturation is another matter altogether. Historically, Port Ellen and Brora were filled into cask for use in blends, but the ‘new’ distilleries will be almost entirely ring-fenced for single malt (although Dr Morgan hypothesises that mature stock might find its way into high-end Johnnie Walker blends in the future).

‘We haven’t sat down and talked about maturation,’ he says. ‘That does raise some interesting questions, given the cask regimes – or lack of cask regimes – at that time. I’m sure there will be some very interesting conversations about that.’

In the 1970s and 1980s, Port Ellen was often filled (at high strength) into tired, almost inert casks. ‘If they do that again, they’re not going to have any of the “new” Port Ellen or Brora for another 25-30 years,’ points out Beach.

So when can we expect to see the first whiskies from the revived sites? ‘We will probably release them as 12-year-olds, but that’s not to say we wouldn’t put out a very small release of something before then,’ says Dr Morgan – meaning that it could be 2032 before any ‘new’ Brora or Port Ellen hits the market.

The impact on that market – in particular, the buoyant secondary market for these ‘collectible’ single malts – was another serious consideration for Diageo in deciding whether or not to resurrect the distilleries.

Indeed, there have already been some gloomy predictions of falling prices for ‘old’ Brora and Port Ellen as a result of the announcement, but Dr Morgan isn’t convinced by the pessimism.

Brora 1972

Collector’s item: This 1972 Brora sold for HK$147,000 at auction in Hong Kong in May

‘You don’t throw the baby out with the bathwater,’ he says. ‘Our feeling is that the reputation, the value of the existing, diminishing stocks from the two old distilleries will actually only increase.’

What does Beach think? ‘I don’t know,’ he says. ‘I think these whiskies are so good they’ll always be wanted, you know – especially some of the old Broras and Port Ellens from the early ’70s. Anyway, it’s a long way away still. Time will tell.’

Whatever the future holds, we shouldn’t necessarily expect a line of more ‘ghost’ distilleries queuing up to be revivified any time soon. As well as their lofty status, Port Ellen and Brora have the continued existence of their sites to thank for their new lease of life; many other ‘lost’ distilleries are exactly that – their buildings bulldozed, their land reclaimed for alternative uses.

Things change in whisky. It’s worth remembering that, assuming spirit is running from the stills on schedule, this will be the second time in a century that Port Ellen has been out of production for 37 years (it was also silent between 1930 and 1967).

The last time that production restarted at the site, it was only 16 years before the stills fell silent again. Happily, the prospects now are altogether brighter, thanks to a booming single malt market – and the fact that the reputation of these two distilleries has expanded beyond all recognition over the past 34 years.
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